Error message

Deprecated function: Array and string offset access syntax with curly braces is deprecated in include_once() (line 20 of /home/seascape/public_html/


MIDAS reports

The following reports have been produced as internal project deliverables but have been made publicly available. Please contact the MIDAS Project Manager if you wish to cite or use any of these reports:


MIDAS publications

Current and back issues of the MIDAS Newsletters - click here

  • Aleynik, D., Inall, M. E., Dale, A. & Vink, A. (2017) Impact of remotely generated eddies on plume dispersion at abyssal mining sites in the Pacific. Scientific Reports 7, 16959. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-16912-2.
  • Ardron, J. (2016) Transparency in the Operations of the International Seabed Authority: an Initial Assessment Marine Policy. DOI 10.1016/j.marpol.2016.06.027
  • Auguste, M., N.C. Mestre, T.L. Rocha, C. Cardoso, V. Cueff-Gauchard,S. Le Bloa, M.A. Cambon-Bonavita, B. Shillito, M. Zbinden, J. Ravaux and M.J. Bebianno (2016) Development of an ecotoxicological protocol for the deep-sea fauna using the hydrothermal vent shrimp Rimicaris exoculata. Aquatic Toxicology 175 (2016) 277–285. doi:10.1016/j.aquatox.2016.03.024. Access online at ​,OE935G7 (open access until 8 June 2016)
  • Bell, J.B., Alt, C.H.S., Jones, D.O.B. (2016) Benthic megafuana on steep slopes at the northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Marine Ecology. DOI 10.1111/maec.12319
  • Boetius, A. & Haeckel, M. (2018) Mind the seafloor. Science 359, issue 6371, pp. 34-36. DOI 10.1126/science.aap7301
  • Dale, A. C., and M. E. Inall (2015) Tidal mixing processes amid small-scale, deep-ocean topography, Geophysical Research Letters 42, DOI: 10.1002/2014GL062755.
  • Danovaro R, Aguzzi, J, Fanelli E, Billett D, Gjerde K, Jamieson A, Ramirez-Llodra E, Smith C.R, Snelgrove P.V.R, Thomsen L, Van Dover C. (2017) Towards a global ecosystem-based strategy for the deep ocean. Science 355, 452-454. DOI 10.1126/science.aah7178. Available online.
  • Danovaro R., Snelgrove P.V.R. & Tyler P. (2014) Challenging the paradigms of deep-sea ecology. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 29(8), 465-475.
  • Danovaro R., Corinaldesi C., Rastelli E., Dell’Anno A. (2015) Towards a better quantitative assessment of the relevance of deep-sea viruses, Bacteria and Archaea in the functioning of the ocean seafloor. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 75, 81–90. DOI 10.3354/ame01747
  • Danovaro R., Molari M., Corinaldesi C., Dell’Anno A. (2016) Macroecological drivers of archaea and bacteria in benthic deep-sea ecosystems. Science Advances 2, e1500961. DOI 10.1126/sciadv.1500961
  • Danovaro R., Dell'Anno A., Corinaldesi C., Rastelli E., Cavicchioli R., Krupovic M., Noble R.T., Nunoura T., Prangishvili D. (2016). Virus-mediated archaeal hecatomb in the deep seafloor. Science Advances 2, e1600492. DOI 10.1126/sciadv.1600492
  • Dell’Anno A., Carugati L., Corinaldesi C., Riccioni G., Danovaro R. (2015) Unveiling the Biodiversity of Deep-Sea Nematodes through Metabarcoding: Are We Ready to Bypass the Classical Taxonomy? PLoS ONE 10(12): e0144928. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0144928
  • Dell’Anno A., Corinaldesi C., Danovaro R. (2015) Virus decomposition provides an important contribution to benthic deep-sea ecosystem functioning. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America E2014–E2019. DOI 10.1073/pnas.1422234112
  • Deusner, C., Gupta, S., Kossel, E., Freise, M., Anbergen, H., Wille, T., Bigalke, N. and Haeckel, M. (2016) The role of high-pressure flow-through experiments for evaluating the mechanical behaviour of gas hydrate-bearing soils, In: Energy Geotechnics. F. Wuttke, S. Bauer and M. Sanchez, CRC Press.
  • Denny, A., T. Sæbø, R. Hansen, R. Pedersen (2015) ”The Use of Synthetic Aperture Sonar to Survey Seafloor Massive Sulfide Deposits.” Journal of Ocean Technology, v. 10 no. 1. Read online  |  Download article (PDF)
  • Dunlop, K. M., van Oevelen, D., Ruhl, H. A., Huffard, C. L., Kuhnz, L. A. and Smith, K. L. (2016) Carbon cycling in the deep eastern North Pacific benthic food web: Investigating the effect of organic carbon input. Limnol. Oceanogr.. DOI: 10.1002/lno.10345
  • Duperron, S., Quiles, A., Szafranski, K. M., Léger, N., Shillito, B. (2016) Estimating symbionts abundances and gill surface areas in specimens of the hydrothermal vent mussel Bathymodiolus puteoserpentis maintained in pressure vessels. Frontiers in Marine Science, 3 : 16, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2016.00016
  • Durden J, Murphy K, Jaeckel A, Van Dover C.L, Christiansen S, Gjerde K, Ortega A & Jones D.O.B. (2017) A procedural framework for robust environmental management of deep-sea mining projects using a conceptual model. Marine Policy 84, 193-201. DOI 10.1016/j.marpol.2017.07.002 (open access)
  • Durden, J. M., Simon-Lledo, E., Gooday, A. J. and Jones, D.O.B. (2017) Abundance and morphology of Paleodictyon nodosum, observed at the Clarion-Clipperton Zone. Marine Biodiversity. DOI: 10.1007/s12526-017-0636-0 Open access online at:
  • Durden,J.M., Ruhl, H.A., Pebody, C., Blackbird, S.J. & van Oevelen, D. (2017) Differences in the carbon flows in the benthic food webs of abyssal hill and plain habitats. Limnology and Oceangraphy 62 (4), 1771-1782. doi 10.1002/lno.10532 (open access)
  • Durden, J. et al. (2016) Perspectives in visual imaging for marine biology and ecology: from acquisition to understanding. Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review, 54, 1-72.
  • Durden, J. et al (2016) Report on the Managing Impacts of Deep-seA reSource exploitation (MIDAS) workshop on environmental management of deep-sea mining. Research Ideas and Outcomes 2: e10292. doi: 10.3897/rio.2.e10292
  • Escartín, J., Leclerc, F., Olive, J., Mevel, C., Cannat, M., Petersen, S., Augustin, N., Feuillet, N., Deplus, C., Bezos, A., Bonnemains, D., Chavagnac, V., Choi, Y., Godard, M., Garcia, R. et al., 2016, First direct observation of coseismic slip and seafloor rupture along a submarine normal fault and implications for fault slip history: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 450, p. 96–107, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2016.06.024.
  • Glover A, Dahlgren T, Taboada S, Paterson G, Wiklund H, Waeschenbach A, Cobley A, Martínez P, Kaiser S, Schnurr S, Khodami S, Raschka U, Kersken D, Stuckas H, Menot L, Bonifacio P, Vanreusel A, Macheriotou L, Cunha M, Hilário A, Rodrigues C, Colaço A, Ribeiro P, Błażewicz M, Gooday A, Jones D, Billett D, Goineau A, Amon D, Smith C, Patel T, McQuaid K, Spickermann R, Brager S (2016) The London Workshop on the Biogeography and Connectivity of the Clarion-Clipperton Zone. Research Ideas and Outcomes 2: e10528. doi: 10.3897/rio.2.e10528
  • Gollner, S. et al. (2017) Resilience of benthic deep-sea fauna to mining activities. Marine Environmental Research 126, 76-101. doi: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2017.04.010
  • Gollner S., Govenar B., Martinez Arbizu P., Mills S., Le Bris N., Weinbauer M., Shank T.M. & Bright M. (2015) Differences in recovery between deep-sea hydrothermal vent and vent-proximate communities after a volcanic eruption. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers 106: 167-182. DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr.2015.10.008
  • Gollner S, Stuckas H, Kihara TC, Laurent S, Kodami S, Martinez Arbizu P (2016) Mitochondrial DNA analyses indicate high diversity, expansive population growth and high genetic connectivity of vent copepods (Dirivultidae) across different oceans. PLoS ONE 11 (10): e0163776. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0163776
  • Gooday AJ, Holzmann M, Caull C, Goineau A, Kamenskaya O, Weber AA-T, Pawlowski J. (2017) Giant protists (xenophyophores, Foraminifera) are exceptionally diverse in parts of the abyssal eastern Pacific licensed for polymetallic nodule exploration. Biological Conservation 207, 106-116. DOI 10.1016/j.biocon.2017.01.006. Open access online at
  • Hauton C, Brown A, Thatje S, Mestre NC, Bebianno MJ, Martins I, Bettencourt R, Canals M, Sanchez-Vidal A, Shillito B, Ravaux J, Zbinden M, Duperron S, Mevenkamp L, Vanreusel A, Gambi C, Dell’Anno A, Danovaro R, Gunn V and Weaver P (2017) Identifying Toxic Impacts of Metals Potentially Released during Deep-Sea Mining - A Synthesis of the Challenges to Quantifying Risk. Frontiers in Marine Science 4:368. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2017.00368 (2017) Identifying Toxic Impacts of Metals Potentially Released during Deep-Sea Mining—A Synthesis of the Challenges to Quantifying Risk. Frontiers in Marine Science, DOI 10.3389/fmars.2017.00368. Open access online at
  • Hernández-Ávila I, Cambon-Bonavita M-A, Pradillon F (2015) Morphology of First Zoeal Stage of Four Genera of Alvinocaridid Shrimps from Hydrothermal Vents and Cold Seeps: Implications for Ecology, Larval Biology and Phylogeny. PLoS ONE 10(12): e0144657. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0144657
  • Husson, B., Sarradin, P.-M., Zeppilli, D., Sarrazin, J. (in press) Picturing thermal niches and biomass of hydrothermal vent species. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography. DOI 10.1016/j.dsr2.2016.05.028
  • Jaeckel, A., Ardron, J.A. & Gjerde, K.M. (2016) Sharing benefits of the common heritage of mankind – Is the deep seabed mining regime ready? Marine Policy 70, 198-204. DOI 10.1016/j.marpol.2016.03.009
  • Janssen A., Kaiser S., Meißner K., Brenke N., Menot L.Martínez Arbizu P. (2015) A reverse taxonomic approach to assess macrofaunal distribution patterns in abyssal Pacific polymetallic nodule fields. PLoS ONE 10(2): e0117790. http://10.1371/journal.pone.0117790
  • Johnson, D.E. & Ferreira, M.A. (2015): ISA Areas of Particular Environmental Interest in the Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone: Offsetting to fund scientific research. International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law 30 (3), 559-574. DOI 10.1163/15718085-12341367.
  • Jones DOB, Kaiser S, Sweetman AK,Smith CR, Menot L, Vink A, et al. (2017) Biological responses to disturbance from simulated deep-sea polymetallic nodule mining. PLoS ONE 12(2): e0171750. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0171750.
  • Kamenskaya, O.E., Gooday, A.J., Tendal, O.S. & Melnik. V.F. (2016) Xenophyophores (Rhizaria, Foraminifera) from the Russian license area of the Clarion-Clipperton Zone (eastern equatorial Pacific), with the description of three new species. Marine Biodiversity. DOI 10.1007/s12526-016-0595-x
  • Kamenskaya O.E., Gooday A.J., Tendal O.S. and Melnik V.F. (2015) Xenophyophores (Protista, Foraminifera) from the Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone with description of three new species. Marine Biodiversity. DOI 10.1007/s12526-015-0330-z.
  • Kopf, A., Freudenthal, T., Ratmeyer, V., Bergenthal, M., Lange, M., Fleischmann, T., Hammerschmidt, S., Seiter, C., and Wefer, G. (2015) Simple, affordable, and sustainable borehole observatories for complex monitoring objectives, Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems 4, 99-109, DOI 10.5194/gi-4-99-2015
  • Knight, R.D., Roberts, S. & Webber, A.P. (2017) The influence of spreading rate, basement composition, fluid chemistry and chimney morphology on the formation of gold-rich SMS deposits at slow and ultraslow mid-ocean ridges. Mineralium Deposita, DOI 10.1007/s00126-017-0762-4
  • Levin L., Mengerink K., Gjerde, K.J., Rowden A.A., Van Dover C.L., Clark M.R., Ramirez-Llodra E., Currie B., Smith C.R., Sato K.N., Gallo N., Sweetman A.K., Lily H., Armstrong C.W. & Brider J. (2016) Defining "serious harm" to the marine environment in the context of deep-sea mining. Marine Policy 74, p245-259. DOI 10.1016/j.marpol.2016.09.032
  • Linares, C., Vidal, M., Canals, M. Kersting, D., Amblàs, D., Aspillaga, E., Cebrian, E., Delgado-Huertas, A., Díaz, D., G., J., Hereu, B., Navarro, L., Teixidó, N. and Ballesteros, E. (2015) Persistent natural acidification drives major distribution shifts in marine benthic ecosystems. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 282, 20150587. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2015.0587.
  • Lodge, M., Johnson, D., Le Gurun, G., Wengler, M., Weaver, P. & Gunn, V. (2014) Seabed mining: International Seabed Authority environmental management plan for the Clarion-Clipperton Zone. A partnership approach. Marine Policy 49, 66-72.
  • Machon, J., Ravaux, J., Zbinden, M., Lucas, P. (I2016) New electroantennography method on a marine shrimp in water. Journal of Experimental Biology, doi:10.1242/jeb.140947
  • Marcon, Y. & Pursur, A. (2017) PAPARA(ZZ)I: An open-source software interface for annotating photographs of the deep-sea. SoftwareX 6, 69–80. DOI 10.1016/j.softx.2017.02.002. Available online via open access:
  • Menendez A., James R., Roberts S., Peel K., Connelly D. et al. (2016) Controls on the distribution of rare earth elements in deep-sea sediment in the North Altnatic Ocean. Ore Geology Reviews (available online 1 October 2016)
  • Mengerink K.J., Van Dover, C.L., Ardron J., Baker M., Escobar-Briones E., Gjerde K., Koslow J.A., Ramirez-Llodra E., Lara-Lopez A., Squires D., Sutton T., Sweetman A.K., and Levin L.A. (2014) A Call for Deep-Ocean Stewardship. Science 344 (6185), 696-698. DOI:10.1126/science.1251458. The summary can be read online:
  • Mevenkamp, L., Brown, A., Hauton, C., Kordas, A., Thatje, S. & Vanreusel, A. (2017) Hydrostatic pressure and temperature affect the tolerance of the free-living marine nematode Halomonhystera disjuncta to acute copper exposure. Aquatic Toxicology 192, 178-183. DOI 10.1016/j.aquatox.2017.09.016
  • Mevenkamp, L., Stratmann, T., Guilini, K., Moodley, L., van Oevelen, D., Vanreusel, A., Westerlund, S., Sweetman, A.K. (2017) Impaired Short-Term Functioning of a Benthic Community from a Deep Norwegian Fjord Following Deposition of Mine Tailings and Sediments. Front. Mar. Sci. 4. doi:10.3389/fmars.2017.00169 Accessible online
  • Molodtsova, T. (2016) New records of Heteropathes Opresko, 2011 (Anthozoa: Antipatharia) from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Marine Biodiversity (published online first). DOI 10.1007/s12526-016-0460-y
  • Parra, H., C.K. Pham, G. Menezes, A. Rosa, F. Tempera, T. Morato (In press; available online 5 February 2016). Predictive modelling of deep-sea fish distribution in the Azores. Deep-Sea Research Part II. DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2016.01.004
  • Peran Miñarro A.D., Pham C.K., Amorim P., Cardigos F., Tempera F. and Morato T. (2016) Seafloor characteristics in the Azores region (North Atlantic). Front. Mar. Sci. 3:204. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2016.00204
  • Plum, C., Pradillon, F., Fujiwara, Y., Sarrazin, J. (in press) Copepod colonization of organic and inorganic substrata at a deep-sea hydrothermal vent site on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography. DOI 10.1016/j.dsr2.2016.06.008
  • Pursur A, Marcon Y, Hoving H-JT, Vecchione M, Piatkowski U, Eason D, Bluhm H & Boetius A (2016) Association of deep-sea incirrate octopods with manganese crusts and nodule fields in the Pacific Ocean. Current Biology 26, R1247–R1271. DOI 10.1016/j.cub.2016.10.052
  • Rastelli E., Dell'Anno A., Corinaldesi C., Middelboe M., Noble R.T., Danovaro R (in press). Quantification of viral and prokaryotic production rates in benthic ecosystems: a methods comparison. Frontiers in Microbiology 7: 1501. DOI:10.3389/fmicb.2016.01501
  • Rivera, J., Canals, M., Lastras, G., Hermida, N., Amblás, D., Arrese, B., Martín Sosa, P. and Acosta, J., (2016) Morphometry of Concepcion Bank: Evidence of Geological and Biological Processes on a Large Volcanic Seamount of the Canary Islands Seamount Province; PLOS ONE, 11 (5), e0156337. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0156337.
  • Sautya, S., Ingole, B., Jones, D.O.B., Ray, D., Kameshraju, K.A. (2016) First quantitative exploration of benthic megafaunal assemblages on the mid-oceanic ridge system of the Carlsberg Ridge, Indian Ocean. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom FirstView, 1-9. DOI: 10.1017/S0025315416000515
  • Sultan, N. & Garziglia, S. (2015) Mechanical behaviour of gas-charged fine sediments: model formulation and calibration. Geotechnique 64 (11), 851–864. DOI 10.1680/geot.13.P.125
  • Sweetman A. et al. (2017) Major impacts of climate climate change on deep-sea benthic ecosystems. Elementa: The Science of the Anthropocene. DOI 10.1525/elementa.203. Open access online at
  • Vanreusel, A., Hiliario, A., Ribeiro, P.A., Menot, L. & Arbizu Martinez, P. (2016)  Threatened by mining, polymetallic nodules are required to preserve abyssal epifauna. Scientific Reports 6, doi:10.1038/srep26808. Open access online.
  • Weaver, P.P.E, Billett, D.S.M. & Van Dover, C.L. (in press) Environmental risks of deep-sea mining. Chapter in Handbook on marine environment protection – science, impacts and sustainable management eds M. Salomon and T. Markus. Springer Verlag.
  • Wedding, L.M., S.M. Reiter, C.R. Smith, K.M. Gjerde, J.N. Kittinger, A.M. Friedlander, S.D. Gaines, M.R. Clark, A.M. Thurnherr, S.M. Hardy, L.B. Crowder (2015) Managing mining of the deep seabed. Science 349, Issue 6244, p144-145. DOI: 10.1126/science.aac6647. Published 10 July 2015.
  • Yasuhara M., Danovaro R. (2016) Temperature impacts on deep-sea biodiversity. Biological Reviews 91(2), 275–287 Zeppilli D., Pusceddu A., Trincardi F., Danovaro R. (2016) Seafloor heterogeneity influences the biodiversity–ecosystem functioning relationships in the deep sea. Scientific Reports 6, 26352; doi: 10.1111/brv.12169
  • Zander, T., et al. (2017) On the origin of multiple BSRs in the Danube deep-sea fan, Black Sea. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 462, 15-25. DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2017.01.006 (Open access until 14 March 2017)
  • Zeppilli D., Pusceddu A., Trincardi F., Danovaro R. (2016) Seafloor heterogeneity influences the biodiversity–ecosystem functioning relationships in the deep sea. Scientific Reports 6, 26352; doi: 10.1038/srep26352



Media articles

A sample of media articles on the topic of deep-sea mining are listed below. MIDAS takes no responsibility for the views presented in these articles.


Online resources


  • NIOZ film about the 2015 MIDAS-Treasure cruise to the Azores: 


ISA guidance and policy documents (for the full set of reports please visit the ISA website)


Other relevant publications and reports

For a wider set of scientific publications in the field of deep-sea mining and related topics, please visit the Mendeley site where the DOSI group have put together a collection of relevant papers - the listing is open to everyone at